By Irvis Orozco
Special to the Eagle
Economic Impact of Ending TPS
Immigrants with Temporary Protected Status (TPS) status live throughout the country, with significant clusters in places like Queens, Brooklyn, Dallas, Phoenix, Miami, Los Angeles, San Francisco and Washington, D.C. Ending TPS will have a large impact on the local economy in these areas.
In California, an estimated 55,000 TPS recipients — many from El Salvador and Honduras — contribute $2.4 billion in GDPannually. Some of them, like Maria, work in the service sector, with 14.5 percent of Salvadorans employed in accommodations and food service jobs, 14 percent working in construction, and 11.9 percent in administrative and support and waste management services.
Suresh, a TPS holder originally from Nepal, lives in Dallas-Fort Worth and is ready to contribute. He has a bachelor’s degree in kinesiology from the University of North Texas and two master’s degrees from Amberton University in business and human relations. He was accepted into a doctoral program at Texas Woman’s University, but with cuts in funding to his research, he had to leave school after one semester.
Because of his uncertain immigration status, Suresh works for FedEx with his wife. Nepalis were granted a one-year extension in April to arrange their departure after 23 U.S. senators wrote a letter to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), urging the continuation of TPS since almost 650,000 families in Nepal are without permanent housing due to earthquakes in 2015.
United We Persevere
On Aug. 17, 26 TPS recipients and community organizers boarded a bus from Los Angeles. Their goal: travel through 50 cities nationwide in an effort to bring attention and advocate for TPS extensions and permanent residency at the national level. The tour, called the “Journey for Justice Caravan,” is an effort led by TPS holders with the National TPS Alliance.
On that bus was Evelyn, 44, a TPS holder since 2001 and a veteran volunteer organizer with CARECEN, the Central American Resource Center. CARECEN Los Angeles, is one of many organizations helping immigrants advocate and develop TPS leadership around the country.
Resistance is nothing new for Evelyn, who has been in the U.S. for 26 years and has three American-born children in college. In 2011, she went to a conference in Washington, D.C., to represent CARECEN as a volunteer. She was the only TPS holder. When she came back to Los Angeles, she increased her work with CARECEN to bring TPS issues to the national level.
“I am fighting because I want my children to have a dignified future besides me, because I want them to be secure,” she says. “They deserve to be by me. For them, I’m doing this work.”
Efforts grew after Trump’s announcement to end TPS.
“In March, the idea developed of how we could raise the TPS debate,” Evelyn explains. “Everyone knows about the Dreamers but not about TPS.”
The TPS Alliance now includes more than 40 different committees around the nation, all of them working on advocating for TPS.
“While on the bus, our days were grueling,” Evelyn says. “We would often have to wake up at 2 a.m. or 3 a.m., so we could travel to more places.” Every two or three days, they were in a different region of the country.
Their first stop was in Phoenix, where they met with communities that were supporting local TPS work. The effort was a true collaboration.
“In every town we went to, we would ask for donations for food, housing and diesel for the bus,” Evelyn shares. “We often had to put the donations toward diesel and fixing the bus, which was an older model and kept on breaking down. Many times, our priority was to fix the bus. We were living and eating however we could.”
As challenges arose, assistance came from unexpected places.
“The Unitarian Church played a large role in helping our work, the Presbyterian Church, too,” Evelyn recounts. “Sometimes, we arrived in schools and churches, and they were already expecting us. Also in many places we found the white community that supported us. This was really important to us because politicians listen to them and churches.”
For six weeks, Evelyn traveled with the group and raised awareness.
“What we have accomplished is that our TPS community listens to us, that they know that we’re fighting and that the general public is interested in our plight,” she says. “Our objective is that we want permanent residency, but first, we want to assure that they don’t take TPS from us and the tranquility for our families that we won’t be deported.”
The group achieved its goal, traveling to over 50 cities in 30 states in 12 weeks, and helped advocate with a lawsuit that temporarily has halted TPS from ending.
But the fight for permanent residency continues. There are several national conferences being planned after the elections in November. The TPS Alliance hopes that over 1,000 people will show up to advocate and learn new strategies to help make TPS permanent immigrants.
They also are planning another gathering in February 2019 to do whatever it takes to make drastic changes.
“We’re not going to stop fighting until Congress listens and makes changes in policy,” says Evelyn.
Taking Action to Keep Families Together
Another strategy used by TPS holders was a lawsuit coordinated with African Communities Together and other national organizations. They have helped integrate and give resources to immigrants like Mazin Ahmed, 20, one of nine litigants and five children of TPS holders that sued the Trump administration to preserve TPS.
More than 273,000 U.S.-born children have parents who have benefited from TPS. If TPS ends, many of these children would either have to flee with their parents into a new country, be put into the foster care system or be put up for adoption as has been a common practice of children of deportees.
Ahmed attended the hearing in federal court for the TPS case in October. “I was part of a community watching event, and I was nervous,” he says. “I was actually really concerned because this is a big issue affecting hundreds of thousands of people and their lives.”
Ahmed grew up in Portland, Maine, and has been in the U.S. since he was 14 years old after coming from Sudan seeking refuge with his mother and brothers. Today, he is a third-year student at the University of Southern Maine. He is studying human biology and biochemistry, and plans on becoming a pediatrics doctor, if he is allowed to stay in the country.
“The conditions in Sudan are actually getting worse economically and because of the war,” Ahmed says. “We would not be able to handle or afford the living conditions.”
Suresh believes immigrants should be granted some type of more permanent status. He has lived in the United Status for over 17 years and has made a life for himself and his wife and young child, who was born in Texas four years ago.
Adhikaar, meaning “rights” in Nepali, is a New York-based organization that is helping immigrants like Suresh and Pam advocate for permanent residency. But the Nepalese immigrants themselves are driving the organizational responses to TPS.
“Fifteen Nepalese TPS holders are part of the leadership committee,” says Prarthana Gurung, the campaigns and communications manager for Adhikaar. “They meet regularly to guide the work the organization is doing.”
Nepali organizing is new, but it is connected to long-standing traditions of activism with organizations like CARECEN, which has been organizing Central Americans since the 1980s. Adhikaar has been working with congressional representatives to push for two bills. One of the bills called the America’s Promise Act has gained bipartisan support and would allow TPS holders who have worked for over three years to seek permanent residency. Another bill by bipartisan legislators called ESPERER Act would grant green cards to TPS holders who came to the U.S. before 2011. The new legislative year will see how either of these bills pan out.
The Labor Side
Thousands of TPS workers in Washington, D.C., who clean and cook for policy workers—including those in the Trump administration and many departments in the federal government and hospitals—also will be affected if TPS is revoked. Unions like Service Employees International Union (SEIU) local 32BJ are joining the fight to keep TPS workers in the country. Half of its union membership of almost 18,000 janitors, maintenance workers and security officers in the D.C. area are from El Salvador, many with TPS. An estimated 5,700 TPS holders call Nevada their home and are members of the UNITE HERE Culinary Workers Union.
Similar supportive actions by unions are happening nationwide. TPS holders who work on shipping docks as truck drivers and manufacturing workers joined actions with the Teamsters union in early October. The action—in which truck drivers drove through immigration detention centers in Los Angeles with large signs reading “Justice for TPS Port Drivers”—was coordinated with TPS workers.
The Teamsters union chose to support TPS because many of its union members are TPS beneficiaries. The union and workers wanted to decry the end of TPS and show that TPS workers are needed in U.S. These workers say they are a vital part of the community, working for some of the largest companies in the country on the largest receiving docks in the nation. Teamsters and TPS workers coordinated these actions during a three-day strike over an independent contractor labor dispute with XPO Logistics.
The workers are trying to organize because they are considered independent contractors, even though they work for the company and perform the same duties as full-time workers. Many TPS holders are a large majority of dock and manufacturing workers.
“We TPS workers are an important part of the infrastructure of the companies,” says Cesar Rodriguez, 46, a TPS worker. “If we are out from TPS, companies and the American people will greatly lose out from our work.”
One Nation Under Many Flags
For the first time, immigrants like Maria, Erika, Pam, Suresh, Evelyn and Mazin—all from diverse countries such as El Salvador, Nepal and Sudan—are coming together on the national stage to fight for their rights.
They are part of a larger immigrant rights movement working to continue the TPS program, implementing strategies to influence the U.S. public, Congress and court system.
“We are here contributing,” Evelyn concludes. “We are not a public charge. We are here because we’re looking for an opportunity for a dream, and the only dream that we have right now is to stay with our families legally. For 18 years, we have lived here and renewed TPS to work legally. We want to live with our families … and have the chance to become permanent residents.”
This is the new American dream.
Irvis Orozco is public policy leader and independent journalist. A version of this story appears on the website LawAtTheMargins.com.